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The believers of Pharaoh

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The believers of Pharaoh are one of those who are mentioned in the Qur’an. You were Pharaoh’s cousin and treasurer, and hid your faith from Pharaoh. They revealed their faith to protect Moses and were killed by Pharaoh for believing in God. Verses 28 to 45 of Surah Ghaffar narrate the story of the believers of Pharaoh. In Shi’a hadiths, he is regarded as one of the Siddiqins along with Imam ‘Ali (a). Similarly, at the time of imam al-Mahdi’s (a) appearance, his name has also been mentioned among those who reacted. Biography Your name was Ezekiel or Hizbil or Kharbil. [1] In some sources he has been described as a prophet.[2][note 1] Ezekiel was Pharaoh’s cousin and treasurer and hid his faith from Pharaoh for a long time. [3] Whenever Pharaoh doubted them, they used taqwa and saved their lives through toria. [4] When Moses (peace be upon him) declares his invitation, and Pharaoh’s courtier Sahir also believes in Moses (a), the believing Pharaohs also reveal their faith, so they are killed by Pharaoh along with the Sahirs. His hands and fingers were dry because of hanging on the throne, but still he pointed to his people and said: Follow me so that I may show you the path of perfection and guidance. [5] Wife and Children According to a hadith from Ibn ‘Abbas,[6] and allama Majlisi, his wife was also a believer, known as “Sayanat al-Mashta”. Pharaoh burned them and their children in the fire for believing in God. One day she was busy decorating Pharaoh’s daughter when god’s name came on her tongue by mistake. Pharaoh’s daughter said to Pharaoh, “Sienah believes in God alone and does not consider you to be God.” Pharaoh burned their children in front of their eyes, but even after that, Siana was not ready to raise her hand from the faith in God. [7] In hadiths, the status of him and his children has been pointed out as follows: When the Prophet (s) goes to The Miraj, he uses a fragrance, Gabriel said, “This is the ashes of Siana and her children who were burned by Pharaoh.” [8] Sayana Zahoor is one of the women who will return on the occasion of Imam al-Mahdi (a) who will take care of the injured. [9] According to Ibn ‘Abbas, his last son, before being burned by Pharaoh, spoke with his mother from the cave and said: “Mother, do not let patience go out of hand. [10] Mention of you in Surah Ghaffar: وَقَالَ رَ‌جُلٌ مُّؤْمِنٌ مِّنْ آلِ فِرْعَوْنَ یكْتُمُ إِیمَانَهُ أَتَقْتُلُونَ رَجُلًا أَن یقُولَ رَبِّی اللَّـهُ وَقَدْ جَاءَكُم بِالْبَینَاتِ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ۔ Translation: And a male believer from pharaoh’s family said, Who hid his faith. Do you want to kill a person just because he says, ‘My Lord is Allah’? Though he has come to you from your Lord with miracles. (Surah Ghaffar, Verse 28) Verses 28 to 45 of Surah Ghaffar are about the believers of Pharaoh. Following are the points found in the exegetical books below these verses: For the believers of Pharaoh, the first attribute used in the Qur’an is to hide faith. Under this verse, hadiths have been narrated regarding the need for taqiyya, in which Imam al-Sadiq (a) says: “Taqiyya is the shield of God.” For example, if the believing Pharaohs had shown their faith, they would have been killed. [11] When Pharaoh intended to kill Moses (a), the believers tried to save Moses (a). The conversation of the believers with Pharaoh and his followers can be summarized in the following five points: 1۔ At first he cautiously told his people that there is no need to kill Moses, because if he is lying, he will soon be disgraced, and if he is telling the truth, he should not be killed. 2۔ Mention of previous nations who were victims of God’s punishment. Reminding you of the prophethood of Hazrat Yusuf (a) and telling Pharaoh that you kept yourself immersed in error and obstinacy by making the excuse of not coming after Hazrat Yusuf (a) to save your life. These things forced Pharaoh to delay the killing of Moses (a) and build a huge building and go over it and search for the God of Moses (a). 3۔ pointing to the impermanence of the world and the reward of the believers and those who do righteous deeds in paradise; 4۔ There is no difference between men and women in the attainment of blessings in Paradise. 5۔ Finally, the believers of Pharaoh reveal their faith and say: “You invite me to disbelief, while I invite you to believe in god, the Mighty and The Forgiving.” O Allah, O Allah, I entrust my affairs to Allah, for He is the Guardian of His servants. [12] After these things, you were crucified by pharaoh’s command. [13] In a hadith narrated from Imam al-Sadiq (a), it has been recommended that whenever he feels afraid of an enemy, he should recite the verse : “O Allah, may Allah recite al-Basir al-Ibad.” The result of the trust in God is stated in the following verse that God protected the believing Pharaoh from the deception of the Pharaohs. Allama Tabataba’i, while quoting from some hadiths, believes that the faith of the believers of Pharaoh has not been preserved as a result of relying on God. Some scholars, quoting from some hadiths quoted in Sunni sources, believe that God saved the life of the believing Pharaoh. [14] Imam al-Sadiq (a) said: “The believers of Pharaoh were cut off, and God protected their faith from all kinds of evils.” [15] Your place in hadiths According to Shia and Sunni sources, the Prophet (s) said: “The Siddiqin consists of three sects: Habib Najjar (the believer of Yasin), Ezekiel (the believer of Pharaoh) and Ali (a) bin Abi Talib (a) that Ali (a) ibn Abi Talib (a) is superior to the rest.” [16] [17] It is narrated from Imam al-Sadiq (a) in a hadith that the faithful Pharaoh is one of the seventeen people who will react when Imam al-Mahdi (a) appears. [18] Zahir bin Qayn was addressing his people in Karbala and advising them. Imam al-Husayn (a) likened him to the believers of Pharaoh and said, “Believers, like Pharaoh, are doing everything possible to preach the goodwill and truth of their people.” [19] References 1۔ Saduq, Amali, 1376 SH, p. 476; Majlisi, Bahar al-Anwar, vol. 75, p. 402; 2۔ Tabarsi, Majma al-Bayan, vol. 2, p. 604 3۔ Mahalati, Reahin al-Shari’ah, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Islamiyya, vol. 5, p. 153 4۔ Majlisi, Bahar al-Anwar, vol. 75, p. 402 5۔ Qummi, Tafsir al-Qummi, vol. 2, p. 258; 6۔ Ja’iri, al-Nur al-Mu’bin, p. 260 7۔ Majlisi, Bahar al-Anwar, vol. 13, p. 163; 8۔ Majlisi, Bahar al-Anwar, vol. 13, p. 163 9۔ Al-Tabari, Da’il al-‘Ama, 1383/1983, p. 260; 10۔ Tha’labi, Qass al-Anbiyah, 1414 AH, p. 188 11۔ Tabarsi, Majma al-Bayan, vol. 8, p. 521 12۔ Surah Ghaffar, 44 13۔ Makarem Shirazi, Tafseer-e-Namuna, vol. 20, p. 97 14۔ Allama Tabataba’i, al-Mizan, vol. 17, p. 513 15۔ Qummi, Tafsir al-Qummi, vol. 2, p. 258; 16۔ Muttaqi Hindi, Kanz-ul-Amal, vol. 11, p. 601 17۔ Saduq, Amali, 1376, p. 476 18۔ Ayashi, Tafsir Ayashi, al-Maktabat al-Ilmiyyah al-Islamiyyah, vol. 2, p. 32, Hurr Amili, Athbat al-Hudaah, 1425 AH, vol. 3. Vol. 3, p. 550 19۔ Qummi, Nafs al-Mahmoom, 1379, p. 242 Note 1. Ezekiel is a person other than the prophet, because Ezekiel was one of the prophets of the Israelites after Moses.

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