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How did Iran move forward

by Mazhar Barlas
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Mazhar barlas

In 1979, the Iranian revolution took place. At that time, there was much talk in the newspapers. When the Shah departed, the Iranian newspapers’ headline was ‘Shah Raft’ (the king has left). A few journalists took the newspapers to Imam Khomeini; he said ‘Allahu Akbar.’ The next day, the headline in all Iranian newspapers was ‘Allahu Akbar.’ The Shah took great pride in his alliance with America, the West, and his army. He tried every possible means, including using the army, to stop the revolution, but it was in vain. Despite facing killings and looting by the army, brave Iranian youths refused to surrender. It was a sight to behold—thousands of youths standing, bullets raining down, turning into martyrs, and then thousands more standing again. Eventually, a phase came when the bullets failed, the guns were defeated, the army retreated, and the Iranian nation won. In this victorious moment, passion triumphed over employment, the job was lost. Then the world saw millions welcoming Imam Khomeini; the goal of the Iranian administration changed. While the Shah’s regime had its pride in debauchery, the new government aimed for progress with high moral values.
During the Shah’s era, there was a vast American embassy in Tehran, the largest American embassy in any country worldwide. The CIA headquarters in Asia was situated there. The Revolutionary Guards put an end to the CIA centre and neutralized many American spies. America, which aimed to impose sanctions on Iran, believed that an Islamic revolution in Iran would fail, thinking Iran couldn’t withstand the sanctions. During this time, Iran had to suffer significant losses due to the war with Iraq. Yet, the Iranians, through their national fervour, buried their pride and continued to resist sanctions. They have spent four decades under sanctions but have learned to live within those constraints.
Iran is currently comprised of 31 provinces. Until 1950, Iran had 12 provinces; then, in 1950, these provinces were divided into ten states. From 1960 to 1981, several states were granted provincial status, and new provinces were created. The last addition to the provinces happened in 2004 when Khorasan was divided into three new provinces.
Despite being an ancient nation, Iran’s population is approximately 90 million. This means Iranians have managed to control their population to a large extent. Therefore, even today, Iran’s resources are significantly greater concerning its population. The majority of Iran’s population resides in cities, approximately 75%, while only 25% resides in rural areas. Tehran, the capital of Iran, is the country’s largest city, with 11% of Iran’s population living there. Mashhad is the second-largest city, serving as the capital of Khorasan Razavi province. Mashhad houses the sacred shrine of Imam Reza, attracting nearly two million pilgrims annually. Isfahan, Iran’s third-largest city, is a historical and industrial hub with many memorable monuments. Other major cities in Iran include Karaj, Shiraz, Tabriz, and Qom.
If one observes present-day Iran, they will realize Iran is far ahead of many Western developed countries. This is not only due to Iran’s wisdom, planning, and diligence but also because of their collective national spirit. Iran has provided its citizens with facilities, distancing itself from chaos. Crime rates are close to zero, sensitivity is observed everywhere, and Iranians are hardworking and cleanliness-oriented. These aspects distinguish Iran from other nations.

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