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Parliamentary or Presidential System

by Khadija Afzal
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Parliamentary or Presidential System of Pakistan

Pakistan currently has a parliamentary system of government and is experiencing numerous issues. The current state of Pakistan cannot be attributed to the administration or the system. A nation functions best when the public and the government work together. In a democracy where everyone has the right to vote. Instead of electing a president, the people choose their own representatives in the legislature.
Pakistan’s government and constitution have undergone several changes. Observing the various governments that Pakistan has experience throughout its history. The legislative system of government was introduced more hastily than the executive. There is no opposition to control or overturn the decision in a presidential form of government. The president serves as both the head of state and the head of government. Under the direction of the president, the executive branch creates and applies all laws and regulations. Speaking of the presidential system, the very well-known Ayub Khan assumed power in Pakistan on the grounds that the country’s citizens lacked the necessary literacy to know who to vote for. People were never content with his administration. He outraged America for using the forbidden weapons against India supplied by America itself. pakistan’s parliamentary or presidential system of government is good.

Transformative Leadership in Pakistan

Later in 1969, Yahya Khan was in charge as Pakistan’s president and worked on his own set of policies for his own gain. He performed work for the country’s welfare, but the division of East Pakistan as Bangladesh was his government’s most controversial decision. General Zia ul Haq took office as Pakistan’s president in 1978. In addition to adding religious act compliance requirements and legal penalties, he also significantly improved the economy. He proposed the idea of increasing privatization. People were not happy with his suppression of the press and journalists, his persecution of protestors, and his Hudood Ordinance’s imprisonment of rape victims for Zina.

Following a protracted period of Parliamentary rule. Pakistan once more fell victim to martial law, and General Pervez Musharraf assumed the office of president, in 2002. He was the first military leader to accept Supreme Court-issued laws. Because he believed in the democratic system, he consented to free and fair elections in 2002. in previous we discussed the pakistan parliamentary or presidential system of government.

Presidential Challenges and Political Turmoil

A steady rise in bomb assaults was note throughout his time, and terrorism was at its height. In 2008, Pervez Musharraf resigned in order to defend himself against the Article 6 penalty proceedings before the hearing. None of the presidents since 2008 have taken office after his resignation.
Even though Yahya Khan’s administration saw significant prosperity, the country suffered a great loss when East Pakistan was lost. During any presidential term, no significant reforms or developments seen. However, there was never a catastrophe like the one Pakistan is facing today on the government level. Since every party is fighting to lead, no matter what downfall it is bringing to the country.
Opposition to the parliamentarian system of administration. In this system in which the prime minister is the head of state chosen by the populace. The leader of a political party with the majority of the popular vote is the prime minister. The opposition consists of members of the ministry from the opposing party with the less successful majority. They have the right to object to and contest any legislation the prime minister introduces. When discussing the history of Pakistan’s Parliament, we may see some highly well-known individuals and their reforms.

History of Pakistan parliamentry system

here we discuss th history of pakistan’s parliamentary or presidential system of government:

Liaquat Ali Khan, Pakistan’s first civilian prime minister (1947), was sincere and dedicated to improving his nation.

Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, head of the Pakistan Peoples Party and the nation’s first civilian president eventually rose to the position of prime minister. He initiated a nationalization program and enacted a number of new policies. He gave the nation new optimism, and numerous effective reforms in the areas of trade and transportation. Education, the financial sector, and also privatization were seen.

Benazir Bhutto, Pakistan’s first female prime minister, accelerated the installation of power in rural regions. And also while inflation and the unemployment rate rose. She mostly advocated for women’s rights, although significant advances weren’t seen.

Nawaz Sharif’s Leadership and Challenges

Nawaz Sharif, the PMLN leader, gradually accelerated liberalization, deregulation, and privatization. His administration launched a number of sizable initiatives, such as the orange train, metro bus service, metro stores. And All of which are still operational and providing benefits to the public. He strive to improve infrastructure and built strong ties with China, which help our nation’s important projects get complete. Despite the fact that he oversaw periods of significant development. He was twice accuse of corruption and dismiss from his position as prime minister. Despite all allegations, his party continues to hold the balance of power and is still in charge of the nation.

Imran Khan’s Challenges and Government Comparison

Imran Khan, the PTI chairman, was demoted from prime minister when his party lost the popular vote. During his administration, the rate of inflation growth was extremely high. He enacted a number of new taxes and regulations that angered the populace. The majority of young people still support him and are in his corner, nevertheless.
Compare to the presidential government, a great deal more development effort has seen during the parliamentary government. A number of crises also rise in number when improved conditions prevail. In both systems, where improved reforms have been implemented. There have also been significant losses, therefore there is little significant difference to be seen. There is therefore always terrible where there is good. However, the state must continue to run on a single system for the entire nation.
Since the opposition is permitt to reject any idea that the administration introduces under parliamentary governance. This encourages democracy and grants others the freedom of speech. Therefore, the Prime Minister cannot decide the country’s future on his or her own.
Since both parties consistently or frequently disagree with the decisions of the person in power. It does increase the number of disagreements and conflicts between them. It also prevents them from completing tasks necessary for the betterment of the nation. In order to present a distorted image of them to the public.

Empowering Citizens for Systemic Change

However, it still performs better than the presidential system, where the opposition party’s stance on public order is irrelevant. Because the government cannot accomplish anything on its own without the support of the people, we must all improve ourselves and offer our services in order to create a better system for the nation. Instead of waiting for the good to arrive, let’s show the system what we are good at. It doesn’t matter what kind of government is in place; what matters are the ruler, the rules, and how strictly they are enforce. Bribery, nepotism, corruption, and unemployment must be eliminate for the country’s growth rate to increase.

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