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Palestine: Genocide and International Accountability

by Humira Mirza
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humaira mirza

The term “genocide,” which denotes the intentional and organized elimination of a certain ethnic, racial, religious, or national group, generates intense horror and sadness. International law specialists, human rights activists, and academics have all made significant contributions to our knowledge of genocide. Although there has been much discussion on the Israel-Palestine dispute, it is crucial to frame the conversation in terms of preventing genocide and the role that the international community should play in resolving this issue. The piece highlights the dire situation of Palestinian refugees while analyzing the idea of genocide through the eyes of eminent academics and considering the obligations of the international community.
Raphael Lemkin, a Polish-Jewish lawyer, is recognized for coining the term “genocide” and dedicating his career to preventing and prosecuting acts of genocide. He described genocide as “the deliberate and coordinated destruction of a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group, in whole or in part.” The 1948 United Nations Genocide Convention, which provides a legal framework for both preventing and pursuing genocide, was established as a result of Lemkin’s work. The Convention defines genocide as acts that are carried out to destroy a particular group, either completely or in part. Examples of such crimes include murder, severe physical or mental injury, and the relocation of children from one group to another.
The international community bears a common duty to stop and deal with genocide. The international community must play several crucial tasks, one of which is to identify any early warning indications of possible genocide. This entails keeping an eye on instances of hate speech, discrimination, and violence as well as taking action to stop them from getting worse. To resolve disputes and tensions that might result in genocide, diplomacy, talks, and mediation are essential. These processes are greatly aided by international organizations such as the United Nations. Peacekeeping troops stationed in crisis areas can aid in safeguarding vulnerable communities and deterring crimes of genocide. Keeping a presence in places where there has been a history of violence and violations of human rights is part of these tasks. Encouraging national courts or establishing international tribunals to try those accountable for genocide is essential to ensuring justice and discouraging such crimes in the future. Assisting impacted communities with humanitarian aid is essential to reducing the suffering that frequently precedes or follows genocide.
Although the question of whether the Israel-Palestine conflict qualifies as genocide is still up for dispute, there is no denying that there are grave human rights problems in this circumstance. It is fundamental to stress that the goals of the international community should be to uphold international law, encourage peaceful discussions, and foster communication. The main goal is to prevent acts that may be categorized as genocidal and to strive toward a reasonable and permanent settlement that upholds the rights and dignity of both Israelis and Palestinians.
The situation of Palestinian refugees is among the most heartbreaking features of the Israel-Palestine conflict. During the early stages of the conflict, hundreds of thousands of people were compelled to flee their homes and are now living in camps for refugees in nearby nations. To better their living conditions, give them access to healthcare and education, and support their right to return to their home countries, the world community must remember the refugees who have endured for generations.
Genocide is an intolerable crime against humanity, and it is the grave duty of the international community to stop and deal with it. Even though there is still much debate and complexity surrounding the Israel-Palestine dispute, the major priorities should be encouraging communication, upholding human rights, and seeking a fair settlement. As a clear reminder of the ongoing humanitarian catastrophe in the area, the fate of the Palestinian refugees, who have suffered greatly for far too long, must be supported and assisted during this process.

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Sikandar October 24, 2023 - 10:53 am



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