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Diabetes: The Silent Killer

by SyedMujtabaNaqvi
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syed mujtaba naqvi

Diagnosing the disease of sugar (diabetes) is possible in today’s modern age, but an effective treatment that completely eradicates this disease has not yet been developed. Diabetes is a disease that silently attacks the internal organs of the human body like a termite. If not identified in time, it leads to visual impairment, kidney failure, and numerous other medical issues.

Experts in diabetic diseases have revealed that nearly every fourth adult in Pakistan has fallen victim to this disease, turning it into a silent killer. According to estimates, approximately 400,000 people in Pakistan alone have their feet amputated each year due to diabetic ulcers, a fundamental complexity of the disease. Health experts state that the causes of diabetes include the use of fast food and junk food, obesity, smoking, and a lack of exercise.

Meanwhile, the disease of diabetes arises from an imbalance in the amount of insulin in the body. Whatever food a person eats, most delightful and starchy substances convert into sugar in the body. This sugar is called glucose, and it provides energy to the body. Just below the stomach in the human body lies the pancreas, which produces a hormone called insulin that regulates the amount of glucose, making it possible for our organs to obtain glucose through the blood. If this doesn’t happen, then the fat in the human body remains the only source of energy.

Diabetes primarily occurs because the pancreas does not function properly and does not produce the necessary amount of insulin, or the cells stop working with insulin. In both cases, the glucose level in the blood does not remain balanced, adversely affecting all organs, especially the blood vessels.

There are two types of diabetes. First, where the body doesn’t produce insulin, this disease can appear at any time, but usually, people become its victims from childhood. Its treatment requires constant insulin intake, and it is also essential to be aware of the amount of glucose in the blood to ensure the correct amount of insulin intake. Sometimes, the blood glucose can be very high or very low, so caution is necessary.

The second type of diabetes occurs when chemicals in cells and tissues do not function properly with insulin, making it difficult to determine how much insulin is needed after its release. As a result, the body cannot obtain the correct amount of glucose. The result can be an increase or decrease in glucose, and this type of diabetes is more common.

Common symptoms of diabetes include blurred vision, dizziness, constant thirst, rapid weight loss, persistent hunger, and excessive urination. It is essential to monitor these symptoms and periodically undergo diabetes tests. However, people over the age of forty need to be more cautious about diabetes.

Diabetes can also occur due to genetic effects, meaning if parents or their elders have diabetes, the possibility of diabetes increases in the next generation. The results of diabetes affect the entire body. In the long run, various problems can arise, such as eye and vision problems, high blood pressure, heart diseases, skin diseases, non-healing wounds, and kidney diseases. It also affects blood vessels and arteries. Besides, it can cause many life-threatening diseases.

Diabetes and heart problems are two different things, but it is a fact that most people with diabetes become victims of several complications. Heart disease is at the top of the list of complications. According to medical experts, the number of people affected by both high blood pressure and diabetes is rapidly increasing.

The serious aspect of the issue is that when these two diseases combine, it is essential to take extreme precautions because they create a compatible environment for each other. In many cases, only caution can control this disease. To avoid diabetes, it is essential not to gain weight, get enough sleep, sleep on time at night, maintain a balanced diet, avoid fatty and starchy foods, use proteins from vegetables, avoid using excess fat such as meat, animal fats, butter, margarine, etc., and especially adopt the habit of exercising for at least 30 minutes daily.

Everyone agrees that if the diabetic patient makes exercise a part of their routine, they can enjoy life by keeping the adverse effects of diabetes at bay, as exercise reduces the severity of this disease. It plays an essential role in balancing insulin levels in the human body.

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